‘BE LEFT’ (have sth left)
V dnešním článku si řekneme něco o velice užitečné vazbě, která nesouvisí se stranou left, ale s nepravidelným slovesem leave, které má tvary leave – left – left. A právě třetí tvar (příčestí minulé) je základ dnešní vazby.
Pozn.: Samostatný článek o slovesu LEAVE naleznete zde.
Jak tato vazba vznikla? Sloveso leave má mimo jiné význam nechat / ponechat a jde zde vlastně o trpný rod.
be left (být zanecháno) = zbýt
At the end of the party there was a lot of wine left.
All that was left was a small piece of chocolate.
There were no other people left to do it.
She ate everything that was left.
You can take all the cookies that are left.
The kids ate everything that was left of the cake.
Stop eating the biscuits. There aren't many left.
There was nothing left.
have sth left (mít zanecháno) = zbýt
We have some cake left.
I only have five pounds left.
How much time do we have left?
Help yourself. We still have some sandwiches left.
How many beers do we have left?
You don't have to buy any bread. We still have some left.
I still had some dough left so I prepared one more cake.
Sorry, I can't lend you any money. I don't have much left.
After buying the house we had some money left, so we bought a new TV set.
be left over / have left over
Často můžete slyšet i delší spojení be left over / have sth left over, která mají v podstatě stejný význam.
At the end of the party there was a lot of wine left over.
She ate everything that was left over.
After buying the house we had some money left over, so we bought a new TV set.
Z posledního spojení také vzniká podstatné a přídavné jméno leftover:
leftovers (n) = zbytky
She didn't have time to go shopping, but prepared a nice dinner from leftovers.
After the party the kitchen was full of leftovers.
If you are still hungry there are some leftovers from dinner.
Don't give the leftovers to the dog. We have proper dog food.
leftover (adj) = zbylý
After the party the kitchen was full of leftover food.
We used a piece of leftover carpet and laid it in the utility room.
We used the leftover paint and decorated the kitchen.
You can use almost any leftover meat and vegetables to make a stew.